Metabolic reprogramming is a key feature of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) characterized by changes in cellular pathways occurring in response to the pathological cell conditions. In ADPKD, a broad range of dysregulated pathways have been found. The studies supporting alterations in cell metabolism have shown that the metabolic preference for abnormal cystic growth is to utilize aerobic glycolysis, increasing glutamine uptake and reducing oxidative phosphorylation, consequently resulting in ADPKD cells shifting their energy to alternative energetic pathways. The mechanism behind the role of the polycystin proteins and how it leads to disease remains unclear, despite the identification of numerous signaling pathways. The integration of computational data analysis that accompanies experimental findings was pivotal in the identification of metabolic reprogramming in ADPKD. Here, we summarize the important results and argue that their exploitation may give further insights into the regulative mechanisms driving metabolic reprogramming in ADPKD. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview on metabolic focused studies and potential targets for treatment, and to propose that computational approaches could be instrumental in advancing this field of research.